Water as all of us know is very essential and vital source of life from biological, ecological, physiological & economic aspect of the life. We cannot think of life without water. This planet has many regions which differ as per availability, quantity, quality of waste water quantum and its reuse and is directly related to the parameters of development of the said region. So far the J&K State especially the Kashmir Division has been gifted by nature with abundant qualitative and quantitative sources of water but the factor of “waste Water” cannot be eliminated and ignored as same poses a great threat to our natural water sources. The best example in this regard is depletion of surface water, springs and position of the Dal Lake. It will not be wrong to say that; we knowingly or unknowingly “WASTE WATER MORE THAN WE USE IT”. The urbanization, modernization & unplanned concretization has increased in the quantity of waste water and as such immediate surgical strikes like “minimizing the waste water” and recycling/reusing the uncontrolled waste water.
This will increase the bank of fresh water available and will help in avoiding the future water crisis by;
1) Minimising the output of waste water
2) Reuse/Recycle of the unavoidable waste water as safe, efficient & competent water source
1) Minimising the yield output of waste water;
Waste water minimization or elimination is a process that involves reducing the amount of waste by products in society and helps in elimination of the generation of harmful persistent wastes. It involves comprehensive, economically resourceful, economically efficient & cost effective techniques for implementation in all section of the economy via safe and sustainable manner. Waste minimization involves efforts to minimize resources and energy. It can be achieved through;
A) Minimising the waste water at source level;
To reduce waste amount of water produced by community will be a major future strategy, we need to protect or properly develop natural sources like lakes, springs, Nallahs etc. safe from pollution. Also avoiding un planned urbanization & concretization near the natural water sources. Water used within a properly boundary wall either be for internal or external purposes (Irrigation, car washing or swimming pool) doesn’t normally enter waste water stream. As per Christ Church city council water conservation report, it is being suggested that; on aver
Construction of ground water bore wells near septic tanks or vice-versa needs to be taken seriously so that; minimum of waste water at source level can be attained. The coliform bacteria & other pollutants are main threat to human health as for construction of ground water wells is concerned. The proper tapping artisan nature of wells can minimize the waste water at source level. The implementation of water act in letter & spirit can save the ground water sources from all threats including waste infusion etc.
B) Minimising waste water & reuse at industrial level;
The industrial waste consumption is almost 20% of the Global Waste Water. The use of water & there of production of waste water is unavoidable action in industries. To minimise the production of waste water a comprehensive mechanism & actions are needed for proper conservation & preservation of water at industrial level. Industries should be always far away from natural sources of water to minimize the direct/indirect production of the waste water. The implementation comprehensive, technique, proper waste management & operation of (STP) sewage treatment plant should be used to get rid of waste water effusion. Industry waste water should be reused within the business it self or several business industries through ( INDUSTRIAL SYMBIOSIS). We must use all techniques & methods approved by the international standard to minimize the out put/ production of waste water & simultaneously should be compulsory the implementation of well planned mechanism in the system for reuse of waste water before the establishment of the industrial unit
C) Minimisation/reuse of waste water out put at agricultural level;
The agriculture is the back bone of economy & survival for the most of countries in the world. Use of peticides, chemical fertilizers etc. has posed a great threat to the agricultural industry, growers & the consumers of the agricultural products i.e all humans. Pollution of ground water & surface water by agriculture pesticides, fertilizers is a major issue in almost all developing countries. If the use of organic fertilizer, pesticide or ecofriendly products is made possible the agriculture waste water can be properly used for drinking after small & economical treatment & can help in nutrition of soil instead of pollution . We must use all modern techniques for irrigation & reuse the waste water for keeping abundant fresh water sources available.
Lets vow that; we will minimize the waste water & try every possible option to reuse it as it’s the great service or charity we can do for fellow human beings.
Er. Firdous Ahad is a Chartered Engineer (Mechanical)